The Mind of Scott

 

How to Install Ubuntu 7.10 in VMware.

 

1)      Print this out. You really need to. (This is not meant to be a set of precise steps and there could be an error or two in here).

2)      Install VMware Workstation evaluation version. I am using version 5.5.5. The install can take a while. VMware server is free but it only installs on Server operating systems (OSes).

3)      Google Ubuntu and download 7.10.

4)      Open VMware Workstation to create a virtual machine or ‘VM’.

5)      Click View then Favorites

6)      File, New then Virtual Machine

7)      Next then Typical -Next

8)      Click Linux and choose Ubuntu from the drop-down  -Next

9)      Change the virtual machine name to something more specific like “Ubuntu7.10-BASE”. I use the word BASE because later it means I will clone it. You may also wish to put the VM file location on some drive where you have plenty of space. Warning: VMs are big! (Later under Edit and Preferences you can set the default location for VM files). –Next

 

 

10)  On the next screen choose Bridged networking. This will put the VM right on your local network with its own IP address like you were adding another physical machine to the network.

11)  How big do you want the VM to be? 8 GB for this version of Ubuntu will be plenty. You could get away with 5 or 6 I think. If you click ‘Allocate all space now’ the system will do that and the install will take time but the VM will run faster. If you don’t click it –the VM disk folder will grow and fragment as the VM grows and run slower. Splitting the big VM folder into 2GB chunks might make the VM easier more portable.

 

 

12)  Click Finish and wait for the disk create to finish.

13)  What you have created at this point is the virtual equivalent of a computer with a blank hard drive.

14)  If you wanted to install an OS on a real machine you would pop an install CD in the drive, boot and then go thru the install wizard. That is essentially what we will do here. You could put a physical CD in the real drive of your system and the VM would see it, but there is an easier way. An .iso file is the image of a CD and VMware treats an .iso like a mounted CD. With VMware still open, double click the CD-ROM on the right for your newly created VM.

 

 

 

15)  Select ‘Use ISO image’ and browse to the downloaded Ubuntu ISO file. (make sure download is finished). Click OK.

16)  Click start the virtual machine.

17)  You will see the Ubuntu banner after a moment or so. Click inside the window of the virtual machine to put your mouse pointer in the Ubuntu VM and press the down arrow before the timer ends. (IMPORTANT: Later you will use Ctrl Alt to get your mouse pointer out of the Ubuntu VM! You can use the “Full screen” button or Ctrl Alt Enter too if you want).

18)  You can use arrow keys to change selection but you want the first option “Start or Install Ubuntu” then press Enter. If the Ubuntu VM freezes at this point you probably have a bad iso. RE-download from a different site. Ubuntu will boot off the CD (which is really an iso file).  

 

19)  Ubuntu, the ‘guest’ OS, probably makes the initial screen resolution larger than your ‘host’ OS (on the physical machine). This prevents you from entering full screen mode. Maximize the VMware window, then click back inside the Ubuntu VM. (Yes, you have to get your mouse pointer  in and out of your VM a lot)! In Ubuntu, in the upper left, click System, Preferences and Screen Resolution. Hint: Use the VMware scroll bars to see the all of the Ubuntu VM.

 

20)  Change the resolution to match you host resolution if it isn’t already the same.

 

 

21)  Double click the Install icon in the Ubuntu VM to install it to the virtual disk of the VM. The install wizard starts. Its pretty easy. Take the default for disk partioning and choose a better ‘name for the computer’. 

22)  When the install wizard finishes, it asks for reboot. BEFORE you click to reboot, in the VMware Favorites on the right, right-click the Ubuntu VM and select Settings. Double-click the CD-ROM and change it to ‘Use Physical Drive’. Click OK, then back in the Ubuntu VM click the restart.

23)  Once the newly installed Ubuntu VM boots up -login. Hint: Use the VMware scroll bars to see the all of the Ubuntu VM.

24)  You will probably have to go through the whole rigmarole with the screen resolution again. See previous steps on this.

25)  Open Firefox and make sure you can get to the Internet from within the Ubuntu.


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